The course is an introduction to the main elements of geological sciences including stratigraphy laws, the main types of rocks, and an understanding of faults and folds. These elements will be used to understand Plate Tectonics theory. Using this theory, different kinds of volcanoes will be analyzed, examining different magmatic compositions, igneous and pyroclastic rocks and their geodynamic environments. The role of geologic and geomorphologic processes will be analyzed in reference to volcanic risk.
The course is an introduction to the science of geology. In particular, the main types of rocks are analyzed with an emphasis on genetic processes and in relationship to plate tectonics theory. This basic knowledge will provide a background to understand and study the main geological risks, such as volcanoes, earthquakes, floods and landslides. Specific examples from the Apennines mountain chain and Campanian plain will be examined to contextualize these topics in the Italian environment.